Modern methods of construction or MMC techniques and products have changed the behavior of the construction industry. The new construction methods and innovative techniques change are bringing more developments and increasing efficiency in the construction sector.
So, what are modern construction methods? MMC construction is a collective term to describe an alternative to the traditional construction method, such as brick-and-block.
The common characteristic of MMC is off-site, factory production of the component parts of properties. Ready-made walls, floors, roofs, and entire rooms, which can be transported to their end destination for assembly are among them.
What are the new methods of construction? Here are 8 highly widespread MMC.
List of Modern Methods of Construction
1. 3D volumetric construction
3D volumetric construction is also known as modular rooms construction. In this method, property units are produced in a factory or warehouse before being transported to the site.
Being produced in a controlled environment with the same materials allows for speed and consistency, as well as quality and precision. This can range from the base unit being made, or they can include internal walls and finishes installed and ready for assembly.
2. Flat slabs
Modern methods of construction of Flat slab involves placing flat slabs of concrete and removing the need for beams. Flexibility in the layout is a big benefit of this method. Said benefit gives freedom on a height between floors and reduces the time needed for construction.
3. Timber frames
Timber frame construction has similarities with 3D volumetric construction. This MMC construction uses a range of structural frames that have been made off-site in a factory, such as external and internal walls, floors, and roofs to help form a combined structure that can be clad in another material such as brick on-site.
Timber frame construction offers the designers a great deal of flexibility for both the layout and appearance of the property. It is also a sustainable method of construction, using renewable materials.
4. Precast panels
On precast panels, floor and wall units are made off-site and transported on-site, and later assembled as a solid structure. This can be ideal for things such as building complexes where repetitive projects are made.
Similar to other pre-prepared methods, this offers speed, accuracy, and quality, with factory-made components following a rigid process before being easy to erect on-site. Panels can include windows, doors, and furniture as well, providing the designer with flexibility in production.
5. Concrete walls and floors
Concrete is one of the most important materials for construction. Its strength, rigidity, fire resistance, and longevity helped make a solid structure.
Concrete floors are usually a flat slab of concrete that has been either poured in situ or that has been pre-made and transported to the site. Mixed with rebar, also known as reinforcement steel, it is able to carry heavy loads and increase overall strength, ideal for ground floors.
6. Precast foundations
The modern methods of construction Precast foundations, also known as precast concrete, are prepared and produced off-site in a factory using reusable molds and can be attached to other panels to create a structure.
Most commonly used for walls, this method can also be used for beams, floors, and stairs. Precast foundations are a very efficient, economical, and practical method of construction, and are particularly useful if weather conditions are poor.
7. Twin wall technology
Twin wall technology is a method that combines both pre-made concrete and in-situ concrete, which helps with both the speed and strength of the structure. Twin wall technology occurs when two walls that have been pre-made are joined and reinforced before the gaps are filled with concrete.
Also used to join concrete walls and concrete floors together, this method is quick and economical too.
8. Thin joint masonry
Thin joint masonry modern methods of construction allow a thinner depth of mortar (3mm or less compared to 10mm) which results in faster laying and improved productivity.
The mortar cures quickly, usually achieving full strength within two hours which enables more structures to be laid in a day.
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